Indonesia has the highest number of volcanoes than any other country in the world, crossed by the ring of fire which crosses through Indonesia and on through the Pacific ocean. Indonesia has over 400 volcanoes, with over 100 of these active. Dotted with mountains and volcanoes covered by tropical rain forest, Indonesia is one of the world’s most exotic places for tropical mountain trekking and volcano observation. The Indonesia Ring of Fire runs through Sumatra, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands and then up to Moluccas.
If you’ve always wanted to hike up a volcano, there is no better place to go than Indonesia. Because of the country’s location at the meeting point of three tectonic plates—the Australian, Eurasian and Pacific plates—, it’s home to numerous volcanoes.
Although boasting 17,000 islands, Indonesia may come to mind with lots of islands and beaches and sea, but you be surprised that it has just as many mountains. Being an archipelago that is situated at the confluence of the tectonic plates – Asian, Australian, Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, it has as many as 129 volcanoes making it the country with 13 percent of the world’s volcanoes. These volcanoes encircling the stretch of Indonesia has a name with a cool ring to it – Indonesia Ring of Fire.
Best Volcano Hiking And Trekking in Indonesia
1. Mount Bromo
Mount Bromo East Java Indonesia, one of the top travel destinations in East Java Indonesia, is an active volcano situated in a surreal but spectacular massive caldera. While very busy with tourists, almost to the point of being a put-off at the sunrise viewpoints, it is definitely still worth a visit. The active volcano sits inside the gargantuan Tengger caldera – with a total diameter of around 10 km – and is surrounded by the Laut Pasir (Sea of Sand) that’s made up of fine volcanic sand. The overall setting is a sight to see – serene and beautifully other-wordly in stark comparison to the lush green valleys that surround the caldera.
2. Kawah Ijen Volcano
Ijen Plateau, known as “Kawah Ijen“, is a volcano complex located in East Java and is regarded as one of the unmissable sights in Indonesia. Ijen is a quiet but active volcano, set amidst a stunning landscape of volcanic cones and a beautiful turquoise coloured sulfur lake. But that’s not the only attraction that makes Ijen famous.
Travelers, us included, flock to Ijen for what’s know as the “Blue Fire”, an electric-blue flame that appears from the combustion of sulfuric gases. The gases emerge from cracks in the volcano at high pressure and temperature of up to 1,112°F (600°C), igniting when they come in contact with air. The blue flames can reach up to 16 feet (5 meters) high.
3. Mount Batur
Gunung Batur (Mount Batur Bali (1717m)) is the female counterpart of Gunung Agung (3142m). Both located on the island of Bali. At the bottom is a crater lake 11km in diameter. There is great views to the mountain and over the lake from Penelokan. There is an easy hike down to the base of Gunung Batur where there are hot springs with believed healing properties. Recent activity has made climbing to the top of this volcano extremely dangerous.
4. Mount Agung
5. Mount Merapi
6. Mount Semeru
7. Mount Rinjani
8. Mount Kalimutu
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